March 5, 2008

1. The Parthenon was built in honour of which ancient Greek goddess?

The Parthenon was built in honour to the Greek goddess Athena.


2. Where on the Parthenon is the marble frieze located?

On the Parthenon the marble frieze is located at the band of the Parthenon above the columns.


3. When and how did the Parthenon come to lie in ruins?

In 1687, it was blown up during a war between Venice and the Ottoman Empire which was then occupying Greece.


4. Who was Lord Elgin and what did he do with sections of the frieze?

Lord Elgin, the British ambassador to the Ottoman Empire received what he construed as permission to remove the marble friezes and take them home to England.


5. Why do some claim Elgin was the ‘vandal’?

To his detractors, Lord Elgin himself was the ‘vandal’. He cut up the frieze into sections so they can be shipped more easily to England.


6. Why does the British Museum (BM) claim title to the frieze?

The British Museum has legal title to the marbles. moreover, it has a mission as a museum of all world cultures. The British Museum can unqiuely provide is an opportunity to see the Parthenon sculptures in context to civilizations that flourished around the times of ancient Greece.


7. How much of the original frieze still stands in Athens?

Approximately, 50% of the original frieze that survived today and of that 50% about of that are in London and the other half in Athens.


8. What is the opinion of Greeh archaeologists on the matter?

The frieze itself depicts an important Athenian religious procession. They believe all the surviving pieces should be exhibited together because seen together they have a narrative. it is not correct for pieces so important to have fragments in different places and not placed together to the original building.


9. How does the BM suggest they could resolve the ‘complicated situation’?

They intend to fill in the gaps of the Athenian frieze with copies of the British museum’s frieze so the visitors can have a more complete vision of the procession that’s depicted. on the basis of an exchange, or for a friendly co-operation would be possible to get back the absolute pattern. The trustee’s fund of a loans policy for Greece could take place.


10. What is your stance on returning the frieze to Athens? Do you agree that it should remain permanently in the BM except for loan periods?

I believe that teh British should return the frieze to Athens because it has a strong historical legacy built for the Greek goddess Athena. It is not right that the British should keep the frieze because the frieze itself orginated from Athens. It is of great importance for Greece. I disagree with the fact that it should remain permanently in the BM except for loan periods because what is it to money then to have something of great importance for Greece.



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